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Medical Education in USA

Top Medical Colleges and Universities in the USA (America)
 

In USA the medical education includes training of entry level to skilled specialists. Medicine is an occupation with variety of options available. For example as a doctor you can work in the fields like occupational medicine, armed forces, pharmaceutical research and public health medicine.

Medical school

In USA medical school gives education to the students in medical field. The student needs to have at least 2 to 3 years of experience of any pre medical course. The course is separated into two equivalent parts: The first one is pre-clinical which consist of educational course of the basic science and clinical which consist of practical knowledge of different wards in the hospital. The degree is given after finishing the study of 4 years. The degree given may be an M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) or D.O.M. (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine). It depends on the studentís medical school. Though, the student can practice medicine after completing any of the two courses.

Internship

In the last year of an undergraduate medical program, generally the students apply for postgraduate program in the field of interest they chosen. The post-graduate education starts with a one-year internship. After completing this year, the student gets the minimum requirement of receiving a license for practicing medicine. Though now most of the students prefer to complete their internship in the first year because of the steady increase of medical education. Some programs like ophthalmology and neurology doesnít consist of the internship year. So the student has to complete an internship year after completion of the program.

Residency

The medical programs range begins with 3 years after completing medical school to the range of 5 years for surgery and 6-7 years for neurosurgery.

Fellowship

In some departments like radiology and pathology, most of the students go for further training. These training periods are recognized as fellowships. Fellowships vary from 1 to 3 years and generally granted by the board which organizes the sub-specialties.


Board certification

The surgeon or physician, after completing his/her residency and fellowship training, has to pass their specialty written and oral exams for becoming board certified.
 

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